World War 2 Munich Agreement

16 10 2021

Czechoslovakia was informed by Britain and France that it could either resist Nazi Germany alone or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovak government, recognizing the desperation of fighting the Nazis alone, reluctantly capitulated (30 September) and agreed to abdicate to the agreement. The colony gave Germany the Sudetenland from October 10 and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia, as long as Hitler promised not to go any further. On September 30, after a break, Chamberlain went to Hitler`s house and asked him to sign a peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany. After Hitler`s interpreter translated it for him, he happily accepted. As threats from Germany and a European war became more and more apparent, opinions changed. Chamberlain was awarded for his role as one of the “Men of Munich” in books such as The Guilty Men of 1940. A rare defence of the agreement during the war came in 1944 from Viscount Maugham, who had been Lord Chancellor. Maugham regarded the decision to establish a Czechoslovak state with large German and Hungarian minorities as a “dangerous experiment” in light of previous disputes and attributed the agreement largely to the need for France to free itself from its treaty obligations, given that it was not prepared for war. [63] After the war, Churchill`s memoirs of the time, The Gathering Storm (1948), claimed that Chamberlain`s appeasement of Hitler in Munich had been wrong, and recorded Churchill`s pre-war warnings about Hitler`s plan of aggression and the madness that Britain insisted on disarmament after Germany had achieved air parity with Britain.

Although Churchill acknowledged that Chamberlain was acting for noble motives, he argued that Hitler should have resisted Czechoslovakia and that efforts should have been made to include the Soviet Union. . the solution to the Czechoslovak problem that has just been found is, in my opinion, only the prelude to a broader settlement in which the whole of Europe can find peace. This morning I had another conversation with the German Chancellor, Mr Hitler, and here is the newspaper that bears his name, as well as mine. Some of you may have heard what it contains, but I just want to read it to you: “….